Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Wednesday, June 24, 1863

I was on picket today, each man going out every other day, and the orders are very strict, no one being allowed to go through the lines unless he can show a pass signed by General Grant. Our men are digging tunnels under the rebel forts and laying powder to blow them up. When a fort is blown up our forces are to make a charge at that point and capture the rebels. The report is that the rebels are planning to cut their way out through our lines. News came that Port Hudson has been taken, together with a great many prisoners.

Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 123-4

26th Ohio Infantry

Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, June 8-July 24, 1861. Ordered to the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., July 25. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to October, 1861. District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 15th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, to March, 1862. 15th Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 15th Brigade, 6th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to June, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Dept. of Texas to October, 1865.

SERVICE. – Duty in the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., August, 1861, to January, 1862. Action at Boone Court House, W. Va., September 1, 1861. Operations in the Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16, 1861. Ordered to Kentucky January 1, 1862. Advance on Nashville, Tenn., February 14-25. Occupation of Nashville February 25-March 18. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 18-April 6. Lawrenceburg April 4. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. Little Pond, near McMinnville, August 20. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 30-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-15. Battle of Perryville October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Lavergne December 26-27. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River, and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Expedition from Tracy City to Tennessee River August 22-24 (Detachment). Reconnoissance toward Chattanooga November 7. Lookout Valley November 7-8. Occupation of Chattanooga September 9. Lee and Gordon's Mills September 17-18. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. March to relief of Knoxville November 28-December 8. Regiment reenlisted January 1, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8, 1864. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge and Dalton May 8-13. Buzzard's Roost Gap or Mill Creek May 8. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Adairsville May 17. Near Kingston May 18-19. Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Buckhead, Nancy's Creek, July 18. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. Moved to Huntsville, Ala., and duty there till March, 1865. Operations in East Tennessee March 15-April 22. Duty at Nashville till June. Moved to New Orleans June 16, thence to Texas. Duty at San Antonio and Victoria till October. Mustered out October 21, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 116 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 116 Enlisted men by disease. Total 238.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1508-9

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Tuesday, June 23, 1863

Fighting is still going on. A force of thirty thousand under command of General Sherman was sent to rout Johnston. The Eleventh Iowa, with the exception of Company E, went on an expedition1 in the direction of the Big Black river. Company E was left here for picket duty.
__________

1 To join Sherman's forces. — Ed.


Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 123

25th Ohio Infantry

Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, and mustered in June 28, 1861. Ordered to West Virginia July 29, and duty along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Grafton to the Ohio River, till August 21. Attached to Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to November, 1861. Milroy's Command, Cheat Mountain, District West Virginia, to April, 1862. Milroy's Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Gordon's Division, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to January, 1864. District of Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to April, 1864. District of Hilton Head, S.C., Dept. of the South, to October, 1864. 3rd Separate Brigade, Dept. of the South, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, Coast Division, Dept. of the South, to February, 1865. 3rd Separate Brigade, Hilton Head, S. C, Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Separate Brigade, District of Charleston, S.C., Dept. of the South, to August, 1865. 4th Separate Brigade, District of Western South Carolina, Dept. of the South, to January, 1866. Dept. of the South to June, 1866.

SERVICE. – Moved to Cheat Mountain Summit, W. Va., August 21, 1861, and duty there August 25-November 25. Operations on Cheat Mountain September 11-17. Action at Cheat Mountain September 12. Greenbrier River October 3-4. Duty at Huttonsville November 25, 1861, to February 27, 1862. Expedition to Camp Baldwin December 11-13, 1861. Action at Camp Allegheny, Buffalo Mountain, December 12. Expedition to Huntersville December 31, 1861, to January 6, 1862. Duty at Beverly, Cheat Mountain, March. Expedition on the Seneca April 1-12. Action at Monterey April 12. At Staunton till May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. March from Franklin to Strasburg May 26-June 10, pursuing Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Duty at Sperryville and Centreville, Va., till August. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Freeman's Ford August 22. Battle of Bull Run August 29-30. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till December. Expedition from Centreville to Bristoe September 25-28. March to Fredericksburg, Va., December 10-16. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Brook's Station till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 22. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee, to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. At Warrenton Junction July 25-August 6. Moved to Folly Island, S. C., Dept. of the South, August 6-12. Duty at Folly and Morris Islands, S.C., operating against Fort Sumpter and Charleston till January, 1864. Duty at Hilton Head, S. C., till November 23, 1864. (Veterans absent on furlough January to March, 1864. Cos. "A," "G" and "I" at Fort Pulaski, Ga., September 25 to October 23.) Expedition against Charleston & Savannah Railroad November 28-30. Battle of Honey Hill November 30. Coosaw River December 4. Demonstration on Charleston & Savannah Railroad December 6-9. Deveaux's Neck December 6. Occupation of Charleston February 26, 1865. Expedition toward Santee River February 28-March 10. Camp at Mt. Pleasant March 12-April 3. Potter's Expedition to Camden, S.C., April 5-25. Dingle's Mills April 9. Statesburg April 15. Occupation of Camden April 17. Boykins' Mills April 18. Denkins' Mills and Beach Creek near Statesburg April 19. Return to Mt. Pleasant April 28, thence moved to Charleston May 6 and to Columbia May 7, and garrison duty there till May 25. Duty in Fairfield, Newberry, Edgefield, Lexington and Richland Counties till April, 1866. At Summerville till May and duty on the Sea Islands till June. Ordered to Todd's Barracks, Ohio, June 6. Mustered out June 18, 1866.

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 151 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 119 Enlisted men by disease. Total 280.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1508

Monday, April 21, 2014

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Monday, June 22, 1863

It is quite still along the lines today and there is no news of importance. Some troops were sent out in the rear today, and our regiment received orders to be ready to march at any time. It is thought that Johnston is trying to break the siege by attempting to make a move from the Big Black river, and by Pemberton's striking our lines at the same time and place, they hope to effect a union and escape. But General Grant is leaving nothing open. He has ordered the felling of large trees across the highways to prevent the moving of their artillery.

Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 123

24th Ohio Infantry

Organized at Camps Chase and Jackson, Ohio, May 29, to June 17, 1861. Left State for West Virginia July 26, reaching Cheat Mountain Summit August 14. Attached to Cheat Mountain Brigade, West Virginia, to November, 1861. 10th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December, 1861. 10th Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 10th Brigade, 4th Division, 2nd Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Left Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 21st Army Corps, Army of the Cumber!and, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. 1st Separate Brigade, Post of Chattanooga, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1864.

SERVICE. – Operations on Cheat Mountain, W. Va., September 11-17, 1861. Action at Cheat Mountain September 12. Greenbrier River October 3-4 and October 31. Moved to Louisville, Ky., November 18, thence to Camp Wickliffe and duty there till February, 1862. Advance on Nashville, Tenn., February 14-25. Occupation of Nashville February 25-March 18. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 18-April 6. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Occupation of Corinth May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 30-June 12. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. At Athens, Ala., till July 17. At Murfreesboro and McMinnville, Tenn., till August 17. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 17-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg to Loudon, Ky., October 1-22. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Nelson's Cross Roads October 18. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 22-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Action at Woodbury January 24, 1863. Duty at Readyville till June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. At Manchester till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 7. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Battles of Lookout Mountain November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ringgold Gap, Taylor's Ridge, November 27. Duty at Shellmound till February, 1864. Demonstration on Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864. Near Dalton February 23. Buzzard's Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. Garrison duty at Chattanooga, Tenn., till June. Mustered out June 17-24, 1864, expiration of term.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 62 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 106 Enlisted men by disease. Total 176.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1507-8

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Sunday, June 21, 1863

Things are quite still all along the lines today, but the mortar boats continue to throw shells day and night. Our chaplain preached a sermon to us this afternoon; his text was from John, fourteenth chapter and second verse. It was the first sermon our regiment has heard for nearly six months.

Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 123

23rd Ohio Infantry

Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, and mustered in June 11, 1861. Left State for Benwood, W. Va., July 25. Moved to Weston July 28. Duty at Weston, Suttonville, Summerville and Glenville till September 1. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to September, 1861. Scammon's Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, Dept. of the Mountains, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry, Division West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry, Division West Virginia, to April, 1865. 4th Provisional Division West Virginia to July, 1865.

SERVICE. – Action at Cross Lanes, W. Va., August 26, 1861. Action at Carnifex Ferry September 10. Moved to Little Sewell Mountain September 15. Retreat to New River October. Operations in Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16. Cotton Mountain November 11-12. At Fayette Court House till April, 1862. Occupation of Raleigh Court House December 28, 1861, to April, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "F," "G"). Action at mouth of Blue Stone February 8. Advance on Princeton April 23-May 1. Camp Creek May 1 (Co. "C"). Princeton May 5. Giles Court House May 7-10. Flat Top Mountain July 4. Pack's Ferry, New River, August 6. Movement to Washington, D.C., August 15-24. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Chambersburg October 8. Expedition after Stuart October 13-14. Moved to Clarksburg, Suttonville, Summerville, Gauley Bridge and Kanawha Falls, October 26-November 14. Duty at Falls of the Great Kanawha November 18, 1862, to March 15, 1863, and at Charleston till July. Expedition to Piney in pursuit of Loring July 5-14, thence moved in pursuit of Morgan July 2-26. Action at Pomeroy, Ohio, July 18. Little Hocking River July 19. Return to Charleston, W. Va., and duty there till April, 1864. Morris Mills July 31, 1863. Expedition to Wayne Court House November 24-28, 1863. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge and Doublin Depot May 10. Meadow Bluff May 24. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Covington June 2. Piedmont June 5. Buffalo Gap June 6. Lexington June 11-12. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Buford's Gap June 19. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Battle of Winchester July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Strasburg and Fisher's Hill August 15. Summit Point August 24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown till December 20. Kablestown November 20 and 30. Moved to Stephenson's Depot December 20, thence to Martinsburg, W. Va., December 29, and to Cumberland, Md., January 1, 1865. Duty at Cumberland till July. Mustered out July 26, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 290.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1507

Saturday, April 19, 2014

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Saturday, June 20, 1863

By order of General Grant all the artillery opened upon Vicksburg this morning, and the bombardment continued throughout the day. It is reported that the rebels have lost six hundred, killed and wounded, many of these being killed during the first two hours of the firing. Our left is holding quite tight. The sky was hazy today and the heat at times was very oppressive.

Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 123

22nd Ohio Infantry – 3 Months


Organized at Camp Jackson, Columbus, Ohio, April and May, 1861. Moved to Parkersburg, W. Va., May 30, thence to Burning Springs and Elizabethtown, and to Three Forks. Attached to Cox's Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va. Operations against guerrillas in Gilmer, Calhoun and Braxton Counties and railroad guard duty till August. Mustered out August 19, 1861.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1506

22nd Ohio Infantry – 3 Years

Organized at Benton Barracks, Mo., as the 13th Missouri Infantry and mustered in November 5, 1861. Ordered to Cairo, Ill., January 26, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of West Tennessee and Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Designation of Regiment changed to 22nd Ohio Infantry July 7, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Miss., to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Miss., to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Miss., to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, District of Corinth, Miss., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 4th Brigade, District of Jackson, 16th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to March, 1863, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Kimball's Provisional Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Kimball's Division, District of Eastern Arkansas, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Arkansas Expedition, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Arkansas, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, to February, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 7th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE. – Reconnoissance from Smithland, Ky., toward Fort Henry, Tenn., January 31-February 2. Operations against Fort Henry, Tenn., February 2-6. Capture of Fort Henry February 6. Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 12-16. Expedition to Clarksville and Nashville, Tenn., February 22-March 5. Moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 14-17. Battle of Shiloh April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville June 1-6. Duty at Corinth, Miss., till October. Expedition to Iuka, Miss., September 17-19. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit to Ripley October 5-12. Box Ford, Hatchie River October 7 (3 Cos.). Near Ruckersville October 7 (Detachment). Near Ripley October 7 (Detachment). Garrison at Trenton and duty along line of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad till March, 1863. Near Yorkville January 28, 1863. Dyersburg January 30. Moved to Jackson, Tenn., March 11, thence to Corinth, Miss., April 29, and return to Jackson, Tenn., May 3. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., May 20, thence to Vicksburg, Miss., June 1. Siege of Vicksburg June 3-July 4. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Ordered to Helena, Ark., July 16. Steele's Expedition to Little Rock, Ark., August 13-September 10. Bayou Fourche and capture of Little Rock September 10. Duty at Little Rock till October 28. Ordered to Brownsville October 28, and duty there till October 24, 1864. Near Searcy May 18, 1864. Near Brownsville July 13. Near Searcy August 13. Ordered to Camp Dennison, Ohio, October 24. Mustered out November 18, 1864. Veterans and Recruits consolidated to two Companies and mustered out August 28, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 36 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 167 Enlisted men by disease. Total 207.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1506-7

Friday, April 18, 2014

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Friday, June 19, 1863

It is again quite warm. Every morning at about 2 o'clock we have to form a line of battle, so that if the rebels should come in upon us we would be ready for them; but I do not think they will come. On account of the very poor water here, several of the boys are down with the fever and ague.

 Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 123

21st Ohio Infantry – 3 Months

Organized at Camp Taylor, Cleveland, Tenn., and mustered in April 27, 1861. Moved to Gallipolis, Ohio, May 23, and duty there till July. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to August. Reconnoissance up the Kanawha River July 7. Expedition to Guyandotte July 9 (Co. "F"). Scarey Creek July 14-17. Mustered out August 12, 1861.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1506

21st Ohio Infantry – 3 Years

Organized at Findlay, Ohio, and mustered in September 19, 1861. Left State for Nicholasville, Ky., October 2. Attached to Thomas' Command, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1861. 9th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December, 1861. 9th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Ohio, to July, 1862. 7th Independent Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 7th Brigade, 8th Division, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Center 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to June, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 14th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

SERVICE. – Action at Ivy's Mountain, Ky., November 8, 1861. Try Mountain and Piketown November 8-9. Duty at Bacon Creek and Green River, Ky., till February, 1862. Advance on Bowling Green, Ky., February 10-15, and on Nashville, Tenn., February 22-25. Occupation of Nashville February 25-March 17. Advance on Murfreesboro, Tenn., March 17-19. Advance on Huntsville, Ala., April 4-11. Capture of Huntsville April 11. (Pittinger's Raid on Georgia State Railroad April 7-12, Detachment.) Near Pulaski May 1. At Athens May 28 to August 28. Action on Richland Creek near Pulaski August 27. March to Nashville August 29-September 2. Siege of Nashville September 12-November 7. Murfreesboro Road November 8. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Davis Cross Roads or Dug Gap September 11. Battle of Chickamauga, Ga., September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. Rossville Gap November 26. Regiment reenlisted January 1, 1864. Reconnoissance of Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864 (Non-Veterans). Rocky Faced Ridge and Buzzard's Roost Gap February 23-25 (Non-Veterans). Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2, Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Vining Station July 9-11. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama April 29-November 3. Near Atlanta October 2. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Jacksonboro December 11. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Taylor's Hole Creek, Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and duty there till July. Mustered out July 25, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 166 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 218 Enlisted men by disease. Total 392.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1506

Thursday, April 17, 2014

General Robert E. Lee to John C. Breckinridge, February 19, 1865

HEADQUARTERS, PETERSBURG, February 19, 1865.

HIS EXCELLENCY J. C. BRECKINRIDGE,
Secretary of War, Richmond, Va.

SIR: The accounts received today from South and North Carolina are unfavorable. General Beauregard reports from Winnsborough that four corps of the enemy are advancing on that place, tearing up the Charlotte Railroad, and they will probably reach Charlotte by the 24th and before he can concentrate his troops there. He states that General Sherman will doubtless move thence on Greensboro, Danville, and Petersburg, or unite with General Schofield at Raleigh or Weldon.

General Bragg reports that General Schofield is now preparing to advance from New Berne to Goldsboro, and that a strong expedition is moving against Weldon Railroad at Rocky Mount. He says that little or no assistance can be received from the State of North Carolina — that exemptions and reorganizations under late laws have disbanded the State forces, and that they will not be ready for the field for some time.

I do not see how Sherman can make the march anticipated by General Beauregard, but he seems to have everything his own way; which is calculated to cause apprehension. General Beauregard does not say what he proposes or what he can do. I do not know where his troops are or on what lines they are moving. His dispatches only give movements of the enemy. He has a difficult task to perform under present circumstances, and one of his best officers, General Hardee, is incapacitated by sickness. I have also heard that his own health is indifferent, though he has never so stated. Should his strength give way, there is no one on duty in the department that could replace him, nor have I any one to send there. Gen. J. E. Johnston is the only officer whom I know who has the confidence of the army and people, and if he was ordered to report to me I would place him there on duty. It is necessary to bring out all our strength, and, I fear, to unite our armies, as separately they do not seem able to make head against the enemy. Everything should be destroyed that cannot be removed out of the reach of Generals Sherman and Schofield. Provisions must be accumulated in Virginia, and every man in all the States must be brought off. I fear it may be necessary to abandon all our cities, and preparation should be made for this contingency.

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant,
R. E. Lee,
General.

SOURCE: John William Jones, Life and Letters of Robert Edward Lee: Soldier and Man, p. 354-5

Diary of Alexander G. Downing: Thursday, June 18, 1863

We have had strong wind and thunder for three days now, but no rain. I was on duty today for the first time in two and a half months, for while I was cook I had no other duty. Skirmishing and cannonading are still going on. News came that our army is in the rear of Port Hudson and that fighting is going on there, I wrote a letter today for John Ford, of my company. Ford had shot off his right thumb by an accidental discharge of his rifle, and when it came time for him to write to his sweetheart, he called upon me to do it for him.1
__________

 1 I undertook the job for Ford, but did some perspiring before I finished the letter, and I would never undertake it again. The letter went through and he received a nice one in reply. — A. G. D.

 Source: Alexander G. Downing, Edited by Olynthus B., Clark, Downing’s Civil War Diary, p. 122

20th Ohio Infantry – 3 Months

Organized at Columbus, Ohio, April and May, 1861. Mustered in May 23, 1861. Ordered to West Virginia, and attached to Kelly's Command. Action at Richter June 23. Pursuit of Garnett July 15-16. Duty along Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till August. Mustered out August 23, 1861.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1505

20th Ohio Infantry – 3 Years

Organized at Columbus, Ohio, August 19 to September 21, 1861. Moved to Camp King near Covington, Ky., and mustered in October 21. Duty at Covington and Newport, Ky., till February 11, 1862. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, February to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army Tennessee, to July, 1862. Unattached, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee and Army of Georgia, to July, 1865.

SERVICE. – Investment and capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 14-16, 1862. Expedition toward Purdy and operations about Crump's Landing, Tenn., March 9-14. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Guard duty at Pittsburg Landing till June, and at Bolivar, Tenn., till September. Action at Bolivar August 30. Duty in the District of Jackson till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Action at Holly Springs, Miss., December 21, 1862. Lafayette, Tenn., January 14, 1863. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 26, thence to Lake Providence, La., February 22, and duty there till April. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson, Miss., May 1. Forty Hills and Hankinson's Ferry May 3-4. Battle of Raymond May 12. Jackson May 14. Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg May 18 to July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19-22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4. Duty at Vicksburg till February, 1864. Stevenson's Expedition to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2, 1863. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Regiment reenlisted January 1, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2. Canton February 26. Veterans on furlough March and April. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., thence march to Ackworth, Ga., April 29-June 9. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 9 to September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27, Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Howell's Ferry July 5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Sandtown August 28. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 2. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Pocotaligo, S.C., January 14. Barker's Mills, Whippy Swamp, February 2. Salkehatchie Swamp February 3-5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 11-13. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 18, 1865. (A detachment participated in the Battle of Nashville, Tenn., December 15-16, 1864.)

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 87 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 267 Enlisted men by disease. Total 360.

SOURCE: Frederick H. Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Part 3, p. 1505-6